Project Experience: Marco Kaltofen, MS, PE, (Civil, MA)
Fukushima Daiichi global air monitoring project, Engineer responsible for set up and analysis of materials collected from air sampling systems in Japan, Hawaii, and the US West, East Coast, and Mountain states. Collected radioactive particles and analyzed results via gamma spectrometry and SEM/EDS analysis.
BP / Transocean - Mississippi Canyon 252 Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Engineer responsible for sampling, testing and inspection of crude oil contamination in the Gulf of Mexico, including coastal and deepwater sites ranging from Galveston, TX, to Miami, FL. Additional research on the effects of dispersants on water column toxicity and dispersion of crude oil in subsurface water, and on the impacts of open burning of floating crude oil. Responsible for all laboratory selection, technical liaison, data verification, method development, field team training and outfitting, and also for quick response direct laboratory analyses.
Lead Field Engineer responsible for sampling and inspection of Murphy Oil Co. spill-related damage in St. Bernard Parish, LA following Hurricane Katrina. Conducted sampling design and sampling, laboratory testing management, GIS database preparation, and data analyses to determine the extent of crude oil and refined petroleum product contamination in homes, soils, sediments and the release-point refinery. Sole live witness for plaintiffs at class certification hearing. Performed class boundary mapping. Conducted negotiations with defense experts and before Federal Court helping lead to successful settlement for plaintiffs.
Crude oil pipeline release, Red Butte Creek, Salt Lake City, UT, site investigation.
Review and validation of site data including field verification related to environmental quality analyses at Love Canal, Niagara Falls, NY; prior to settlement agreements between Occidental Chemicals and the USEPA.
Engineer responsible for site investigation, sampling, analysis and mapping, 2007 Coffeyville, Kansas petroleum release from an oil refinery.
Engineer in responsible charge of site investigations at eight Massachusetts retail centers involving remediation and assessment of leaking underground storage tanks and buried hazardous chlorinated wastes. Reviewed and selected innovative treatment systems and designs for three sites, including contractor selection, oversight, and performance evaluation. Remediation methods selected include biodegradation, phytoremediation, two-phase extraction, and sparging. All of the retail centers remained in operation during remediation activities.
Researched, specified and reviewed design and construction of a permeable reactive barrier installation to prevent migration of and to destroy a contaminated groundwater plume containing perchloroethylene and trichloroethylene at a commercial operation adjacent to a public water supply in Massachusetts. This was the first private operational reactive iron wall built in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Reviewed water quality issues related to cyanobacteria in Massachusetts and California lakes and potential control measures.
Designed and performed field study of polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and dibenzofurans in a manufacturing facility and its environs, including the oversight and conduction of all sampling, data validation, and laboratory audits.
Site investigation, sampling, and analysis of metals, PCBs, and polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and dibenzofurans in a waste and demolition debris landfill in Seneca, South Carolina.
Completed review of POTW wastewater discharges, discharge monitoring performance and pretreatment technologies for high petroleum hydrocarbon-bearing and alkaline industrial wastestreams.
Reviewed the use of hydrogen release compounds for the purpose of chlorinated solvent concentration reduction in groundwater at military and commercial locations in Massachusetts.
Field analyses, sampling, and environmental fate review at a former mercury cell chloralkali production facility in coastal Alabama, including onsite and offsite analyses in multiple media. Media analyzed included fish, sediments, air, water, indoor residential dusts, and soils.
Sampling and analysis of onsite and offsite dusts, soils, air, and ashes from a former chemical/petroleum barrel reclaimer in Chicago, IL. Use of ambient and subsurface air monitoring, metals, dioxins, PCBs, and multiple microscopic techniques to fingerprint airborne emissions fallout. The investigation included onsite inspection of drum furnaces, stacks, and handling equipment.
Review and inspection of a former New Jersey iron mine used for automobile paint waste disposal.
Field analyses, sampling, and environmental fate review at an operating mercury cell chloralkali production facility in northern Alabama, including onsite and offsite analyses in multiple media. Media analyzed included, sediments, air, water, indoor residential dusts and air, and soils. Testing was supported by full GIS mapping and interactive database management.
Sampling, analysis, and microscopic review of tree rings collected to determine past exposure to volatile and particulate metals.
Analysis of biological particulates in airborne dustfall, analysis of bulk and surface dusts, and soils.
Inspection, sampling, and analysis of active paint spray booth operations.
Reviewed environmental conditions and process safety for a Seattle-based aerospace research and development firm.
Sampling and analysis of indoor house dusts for polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and dibenzofurans in a community surrounding a cluster of waste incinerators and industrial boilers, including report presentation for a federally-sponsored public review meeting.
Performed post-Hurricane Katrina field examination of petroleum spills in Mobile Bay, Mobile, Alabama and Pascagoula, Mississippi. Mobilized field resources onsite in the Gulf Region to begin sampling campaign within ten days of the 2005 storm event.
Court-Qualified as an expert witness in State and Federal courts in the fields of Chemistry and Civil Engineering, as well as in numerous civil depositions. (Massachusetts, Wisconsin, Texas, California, Pennsylvania)
Co-Chair, US Army Soldier Systems Biological and Chemical Command Superfund Restoration Advisory Board. Reviews five operational Superfund units including multimedia human and ecological exposure vectors. Extensive communication with public, regulatory, state and federal public health authorities and military agencies, including the Department of Defense Office of the Undersecretary for Environmental Affairs. Reviews and comments on workplans, draft and final reports, and health and safety plans for remedial investigations, feasibility studies, environmental and human health risk assessments, as well as budget priority documents. Also responsible for coordination of agendas, communications with municipal officials, and community outreach.
Assessment of metal corrosion by airborne sulfide exposure from a pulp and paper mill and its wastewater treatment system.
Site investigation of a Municipal/Industrial waste landfill in South Texas, including determination of the environmental fate of materials released from the land disposal facility after initial placement.
Researched, specified and oversaw design and construction of a phytoremediation project to clean contaminated soils containing perchloroethylene and trichloroethylene using a mix of northern latitude deep and shallow-rooted plants in an engineered treatment cell adjacent to a residential area.
Engineer in responsible charge of site investigations and remediation of a leaking underground petroleum product storage tank and fuel line in an urban commercial setting in Cambridge, MA.
Engineer in responsible charge of site investigations, remedial method selection and design of a PCE contaminated groundwater environment and metal contaminated soils in an industrial zone in Seattle, WA. Duties include bid selection and vendor oversite.
Designed and performed field study of indoor house dusts and particulates for toxic metals using atomic spectroscopy, xray microanalysis, and digital optical microscopy for a residential community surrounding a metal smelter.
Reviewed the environmental aspects of Catalytic Extraction Processing of hazardous wastes for Molten Metal Technology of Waltham, MA.
Designed and performed field study of polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, volatile solvents, metals, and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons at a former research/manufacturing facility located in a highly populated area.
Beginning in 1988 with an initial budget of less than $10,000, built a full service nationally recognized environmental laboratory to serve institutional, individual, and educational clients. Achieved a 100 percent success rate for trace metals, volatile organics, and PCBs on EPA performance evaluations. Served over 750 clients in four years. Raised $ 1,000,000 in grants and contracts.
Voting member of the USEPA Committee on National Accreditation of Environmental Laboratories.
Extensive public relations and communications experience including appearances or articles with Good Morning America, the Today Show, NBC Nightly News, CNN, C Span, TBS, National Public Radio, U S News & World Report, Chemical & Engineering News, The New York Times, and over 300 technical and other citations.
Reviewed formulations, safety hazards, and warnings of military-type zinc chloride smoke bombs and alternatives.
Performed the first complete mass balance of hazardous materials into Boston Harbor and its tributaries. This study was the basis of a State funded study which was performed two years later with a far larger budget. The final aggregate results of the two studies agreed within 3 percent. Field work included sewer user sampling and NPDES discharge sampling and analyses.
Determination of free crystaline silicate and other mineral particulate air releases from a West Texas quarry, including sampling of parent material, air, soils, and dusts.
Sampled surface bedrock and weathered materials in Cuidad Juarez, Mexico for the determination of free crystaline silicates and naturally-occuring arsenic.
Design and completion of sampling efforts to complete indoor air quality studies for gasoline-related volatile organic compounds.
Design and completion of sampling efforts, including health and safety presentations, for indoor and outdoor pesticide contamination studies in mixed industrial and residential environments. Testing was supported by full GIS mapping and interactive database management.
Pesticides monitored and mapped included DDT and other chlorinated compounds, as well as herbicides, and volatile compounds in groundwater. Site investigation included onsite investigation of wastewater and land disposal areas.
Determined hydrogen gas, hydrogen sulfide, and sulfur dioxide production in anaerobic and aerobic sediments, composted food wastes, and sanitary wastewater treatment residuals.
Worked with State Attorneys General offices in three Northeast states. One investigation performed directly resulted in the State of New Jersey recovering sufficient funds to run their Hazardous Waste Strike Force for eighteen months without State appropriations.
Reviewed environmental impacts of polystyrene manufacture, use and disposal.
Performed real-time air quality monitoring and field sampling of beryllium-based particulates in a South Texas medical devices manufacturing facility, and determined particle size, loading, and morphology examination of metallic cuttings and dusts.
Assesment of lead and cadmium transport via soils and sediments surrounding a cement kiln in West Texas.
Air sampling and real time particulate concentration monitoring in a metal processing laboratory.
Review and field detection of emissions from a mineral fertilizer manufacturer, including sampling and analyses of soils, indoor house dusts, and sediments.
Collected marine samples for a combined German and Swedish oceanographic research team in the Gulf of Finland. Sampled media included both seawater and wastewater effluents and waste treatment residuals on the southeastern Swedish coast.
Laboratory Investigations and Method Reviews
Designed sampling protocol and carried out all analyses for closure of a scientific base in Antarctica, including characterization of petroleum and Jet A1 releases.
Sampled and analyzed contaminated Boston Harbor/Fort Point Channel sediments.
Designed and constructed a mercury cold vapor inlet system for atomic absorption determination of mercury in environmental samples, and successfully completed a USEPA proficiency examination for mercury detection employing this apparatus.
Performed an onsite review of Soviet Environmental Ministry and Ministry of Chemical Industry environmental monitoring procedures and laboratories analyses for steel production and natural gas processing in Volgagrad, USSR.
Performed site investigations of a Refinery/Chloralkali complex in the vicinity of Volgagrad in the present Russian Republic. Performed all required laboratory analyses and authored and presented final report to the Ministry of Industry in Moscow and to Russian and US specialists in Washington, DC.
Reviewed and developed methodologies for the analytical determination of MIC in paints.
Conducted field sampling and laboratory analyses for the determination of metals and cyanides in tidally-controlled groundwater at Spectacle Island in Boston Harbor, for preconstruction environmental quality investigations for the Boston Third Harbor Tunnel project.
Developed and performed analytical procedures for the determination of 4-phenylcyclohexene in textiles and fibers, and presented findings for product liability determinations.
Designed and managed construction of an environmental analysis laboratory facility for a commercial client; including HVAC, waste recycling, permit, and vendor qualification duties.
Designed sampling protocols and performed analyses of air, water, and sediment samples from the Kingdom of Kuwait immediately after the cessation of hostilities with Iraq. These results were reviewed and published in the general press, as well as by the USGAO.
Detection of lead, arsenic, hafnium and other metals in soils from a closed 19th Century smelter in Massachusetts; including use of Scanning Electron Microscopy/EDX and Atomic Absorption methods for determining insoluble lead species and the morphology and origins of lead and chromate-containing particulates. Presented findings of this investigation to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Environmental Protection Department and local Boards of Health in order to develop methodologies for regulators, and to develop a long-term groundwater and drinking water well monitoring program.
Determined morphology and bioavailability of silicates in paint matrices by digital optical microscopy for the investigation of stains and topcoats.
Reviewed field laboratory designs and field procedures for NGO laboratory testing facilities based in Amsterdam (The Netherlands) and in Russia.
Analysis of North Atlantic and Gulf Coast petroleum exploration and production drilling fluids and analysis of marine biota for drilling fluid-related contaminants.
Sampled wastewater effluents in Boston Harbor and from its tributary river systems, and analyzed these samples at Queen Mary's College, at Exeter in the United Kingdom.
Designed and carried out a complete sampling and laboratory analysis protocol for a seventy-site study of wastewater effluent characteristics in Mexican automobile and electronic component plants.
Sampled and analyzed chlorinated pesticide residues in residential soils in Matamoros, Mexico.
Analyzed contaminated estuarine sediments in support of Boston's Logan Airport Bird Island Flats runway project.
Sampled and analyzed expanded polystyrene foams for extractable meals under replicated biological conditions.
Data review and method validation for nerve agents and blister agents (including Sarin and Mustard-HD). Review of confirmed agent detection records and US Army analytical procedures for GC-MS, GC-FPD, and other analytical methods used at the Umatilla Chemical Depot.
Developed toxics use reduction plans for the Citizens' Environmental Laboratory which reduced toxic waste generation over 90% from originally predicted levels.
Sampling planning and study design for radiological and mixed waste contaminants in the Columbia River at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation, particularly developing sampling strategies for foodchain contaminants including Strontium 90, Tritium, Americium, Plutonium, and Uranium isotopes. Supervised resulting field work and performance of sampling teams during execution of the sampling and safety plans.
Study design for radiologic and mixed waste contaminants along the Techa River downstream of the Mayak Chemical Nuclear facility in the Ural Mountains in Russian Central Asia, particularly developing sampling strategies for foodchain contaminants including Strontium 90 and Cesium 137. Performed field work and reviewed sampling teams onsite, as well as reviewed procedures with local and regional environmental authorities.
Presented radiological monitoring and testing seminar at St. Petersburg, Russia conference on nuclear policies and technologies.
Performed an onsite review of radiological monitoring and laboratory procedures for the regional and municipal environmental authorities in Chelyabinsk and Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia.
Determined total alpha and beta emitters in river sediments from Nanda Devi Glacier near Lata, India, related to naturally-occuring uranium and plutonium 238 and 239 contamination.
Completed study designs, field sampling, and onsite monitoring for an offsite radiologic contaminant migration study at Los Alamos National Laboratory in Los Alamos, New Mexico, including a review of NPDES effluent quality data and soil and sediment chemical quality data. Study materials included dusts, biota and sediments collected in Los Alamos, Santa Fe, and the San Ildefonso and Picuris Pueblos.
Additional Los Alamos investigations were initiated for radiological exposures to Native American Indians through the use of traditional clay-based materials. This report was reviewed supportively by area tribal governors, and in a Los Alamos National Laboratory white paper, where BCD's study, while presenting different recommendations for future follow-up, was deemed consistent with the National Laboratory's own data and calculations.
Investigation of indoor residential dust samples from the Southeastern and Northwestern US to provide reference data for residential sampling of known radiological emission sites, including total alpha, beta, and gamma emitters, and particle morphology and diameter.
Analytical Instrumentation Operation Experience
- Gas chromatography with electron capture detection - GC/ECD
- Gas chromatography with mass spectral detection - GC/MS
- Direct injection mass spectroscopy - MS
- Gas chromatography with flame ionization detection - GC/FID
- Atomic Absorption with flame and graphite furnace excitation - AAS and GFAAS
- Inductively coupled plasma emission spectroscopy - ICP
- Infrared spectroscopy - IR
- Direct current plasma emission spectroscopy - DCPES
- Scanning electron microscopy / Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy - SEM/EDX
- Mercury cold vapor atomic absorption spectroscopy - CVAAS
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